Giving cities a road map to reducing their carbon footprint

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first_imgCities are not just where 3.5 billion of us live—they are where more than  half of humanity uses electricity, drives cars, and throws out garbage, among myriad other activities that emit greenhouse gases. Now, a global coalition has released the first standardized method for measuring and reporting a given city’s greenhouse gas emissions. Called the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC), the new standards were unveiled today at the United Nations’ ongoing climate negotiations in Lima.Cities are responsible for 70% of global carbon dioxide emissions, says Wee Kean Fong, who led development of the GPC at the World Resources Institute—a nonprofit based in Washington, D.C.—in partnership with the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI). But there has been no standardized way to measure and report an individual city’s emissions. That has impeded plans to reduce urban climate footprints and track the effectiveness of local policies designed to reduce emissions. “You can’t manage what you can’t measure,” Fong says.A key element of the GPC is its recognition that a city may be responsible for gases emitted far outside its borders. Take power plants that burn fossil fuels to generate electricity, or landfills that receive solid waste, Fong says. Those can be located outside of a city, but their emissions are directly tied to urban activity. Holding cities accountable for such emissions may lead to some pushback when it comes to convincing them to adopt the GPC protocol, but it’s important for making sure measurements are accurate as possible, Fong says.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)A key selling point is that 35 cities have already benefited from implementing the GPC during its pilot phase in 2012. In the months since, other cities have been test-driving the new standards. David Maleki, a climate change analyst with the Inter-American Development Bank’s Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative, helps cities in Latin America and the Caribbean use the protocol to figure out which sectors are responsible for most of their greenhouse gas emissions. These “[greenhouse gas] inventories are a very basic building block for taking climate action in cities,” he says. Rio de Janeiro, for example, used a draft of the GPC to determine that transportation was responsible for a whopping 39% of the city’s total emissions; that led the government to focus on expanding public transit to more efficiently shrink its carbon footprint. “Building a greenhouse gas emissions inventory enables city leaders to manage their emissions reduction efforts, allocate resources and develop comprehensive climate action plans,” said Rio de Janeiro mayor and C40 Chair Eduardo Paes said in a statement.One lesson Fong and his team learned during the pilot program is that not every city is starting from the same place when it comes to measuring greenhouse gas emissions. Some cities, especially in the developing world, simply don’t have access to the kind of data needed for a comprehensive inventory; Maleki says he often works in places where the only emissions data available are on a national scale.To try to make the GPC accessible to cities that may not have all the right data, Fong’s team designed two tiers of reporting. Both incorporate transportation within the city, stationary burning of fossil fuels, consumption of electricity, and emissions related to waste. The more advanced tier adds data about industrial processes, land use change, transportation that brings people into the city, and other indirect sources of emissions. “The GPC is a very inclusive protocol,” says Ana Marques, project coordinator of ICLEI’s Urban-LEDS project, which will help cities in developing countries apply the GPC. “It enables all cities to participate.”last_img

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UAAP: UP barges into top 4 after stunning FEU

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UN, AU, Others Want Anti-Domestic Violence, Affirmative Action Bills Approved

first_imgPartial view of women in the Mock Parliament of the Women Legislative Caucus of Liberia -Women Groups Grace ‘Mock Legislature’The United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), Swedish Embassy and Local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) have requested the Liberian Senate and the House of Representatives to approve the Anti-Domestic and Affirmative Bills.The international organizations made the call yesterday in the Joint Chambers of the Legislature during a program marking the ‘Mock Session of Parliament’ of the Women Legislative Caucus of Liberia. The Program was supported by UN Women.The UN Resident Coordinator and Representative of the United Nations Development Program in Liberia Yacoub El Hillo urged the Liberian Senate and the House of Representatives to continue to lead in the global scene by making history and approve the Anti-Domestic and Affirmative Bills.Mr. Hillo said as of 1970, Liberia made the first history, with Madam Angie E. Brooks being the first and only African female President of the United Nations General Assembly. He said in 2005, Liberia made another history with the election of the first elected female President in Africa.“We believe Liberia can also make history again and pass this Anti-Domestic Violence and Affirmative Bills,” Mr. Hillo said.He added that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which were created and piloted by Liberia, is being emulated by many other countries.UN Women Representative Madam Goreth Nizigama said the passage of the Domestic Violence Bill and Affirmative Action Bill will bring diversity and other comparative advantages that are required in leadership and governance.Madam Nizigama said evidence shows gender inequalities remain intertwined to poverty and impoverishment.“For example, according to the 2016 Human Development Report, of 188 countries assessed, Liberia ranks 177 on the Gender Inequality Index; Rwanda ranks 84, while Senegal ranks 120,” Madam Nizigama said.“It’s no gainsaying, we are trailing these sister countries on development and it will be good for all of us if we match up and I daresay pass them,” she added.For his part, AU Political Officer Prosper Addo said the Affirmative Action Bill will be a “good thing” for Liberia to enable the women, people living with disability and the youth to have shared in governance and it should not be a hindrance in legalizing laws against domestic violence.Swedish Ambassador to Liberia Madam Ingrid Wittersqvist said the Swedish Government will remain supportive of programs that would promote the equality of women and was proud to form part of a forum to encourage the lawmakers to approve the Domestic Violence Bill and the Affirmative Action Bills.Women in Peace Building Network and other advocacy groups of the youth, women, and people living with disabilities were in attendance.During the Mock Session of the Parliament of the Women Legislative Caucus of Liberia, Rep. Samuel Kogar served as the Mock Speaker, while 10 Representatives and Senators served as the Mock Parliament. They were the pro and con during discussions of the Anti-Domestic Violence and Affirmative Action Bills.The lawmakers included Rep. Rosana Schaack, the President of Women Legislative Caucus of Liberia, Sen. Peter Coleman, Rep. Moima Briggs-Mensah, Rep. Ellen Attoh, Rep. Rustonlyn Dennis, Rep. Matthew Zarzar, Rep. Francis Doepoh, Rep. Julie Wiah, Rep. Tibelrosa Tarponweh and Rep. Gunpue Kargon.Those for the con said the Affirmative Action Bill contravenes the Constitution and does not seek to represent the interest of a vast majority of Liberians, while others said the Bill, if approved, will help to empower women, youths and people living with disabilities in the House of Representatives.The Affirmative Action Bill has undergone five attempts to get gender equality legislation at the different levels of the political process.Partial view of women in the Mock Parliament of the Women Legislative Caucus of LiberiaIn 2005 there was an attempt to revise the Electoral Law; in 2009, it was under the caption of a Fairness Bill; in 2010 it was the Gender Parity Bill; in 2013, it was an Act to amend the elections law of Liberia; in 2014, it was included in the Constitution Review Process and known as the “Women’s minimum agenda for constitutional review; and in the latest attempt it is called the Equal Participation and Representation Bill of 2016 which is part of the Affirmative Action Bill.The Bill, among others, seeks to set aside 21 Legislative seats for women, youths and people with disabilities in addition to the existing 73 seats.On the Domestic Violence Bill, it has also been a long haul. Currently, Executive Order 92, which has been issued by former President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf on the eve of her departure, President George M. Weah is committed to passing into law as proclaimed during the European Development Days in Brussels.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) – Advertisement –last_img

Pipeline bombings evidence of larger discontent, author says

first_img Boras also says that EnCana pipelines have automatic emergency shutoff valves at regular intervals of the pipeline, which prevent a large amount of gas from being released if a leak does occur.For more on this story, check out these stories from Energeticcity.caPipeline bombings evidence of larger discontent, author saysAdvertisement RCMP already has suspects in pipeline bombingEnCana says residents not endangered by gas leak after bomb blastAdditional Information: Both bombings attacked the same pipeline; Map & PhotoPolice not linking explosion to terrorismExplosive detonated on Encana Pipeline The author of a book about the saga of Wiebo Ludwig says he’s not surprised that this week’s pipeline bombings have been directed specifically at sour gas. Andrew Nikiforuk says there is an extreme level of tension between sour gas developers, residents and first nations groups in the area due to issues surrounding safety and regulation. He says that many residents and First Nations living near oil and gas development also resent the reduction in property values and the constant threat of a potentially life-threatening leak or accident. – Advertisement – [asset|aid=450|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=e44909f40aa9a4e7bb16429e8dc151bb-Nikkiforuk-1_1_Pub.mp3] However, Alan Boras, spokesperson for EnCana, says that the risk of danger to residents from nearby pipelines is minimal. [asset|aid=451|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=e44909f40aa9a4e7bb16429e8dc151bb-Boras-1_1_Pub.mp3] Advertisementlast_img

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