What keeps the peace among Democracies?

first_img Read Full Story Politicians and scholars have long accepted the notion that democracies are less likely to go to war against each other, yet there remains questions as to the reasons why. In a new Harvard Kennedy School Faculty Research Working Paper, “Information, Popular Constraint, and the Democratic Peace,” co-authored by Professor Matthew Baum, an argument is made that the political systems themselves are only one contributing factor accounting for the rapport amongst fellow democratic nations.“Our research represents a first step in helping policymakers determine what it is about democracy that matters in inter-state conflict behavior, thereby hopefully allowing them to refine the policies they promote abroad,” writes Baum. “Emphasizing aspects of democracy that are likely to actually lead to a reduction in interstate war, while deemphasizing, or at least not prioritizing, those that appear not to facilitate pacific behavior.”Baum and his co-author Phillip B.K. Potter found two key institutional features influencing democracies’ conflict behavior – strong political opposition, which the authors call “whistle blowers,” and a mass media widely accessible to the population.“Leaders, both democratic and autocratic, have clear incentives to hide their foreign policy actions when they fail or conflict with the public’s preferences,” write the authors. “Minimizing their capacity to do so requires heterogeneous and autonomous political elites with both independent access to foreign policy information and the incentive to reliably alert the public when leaders stray too far from their preferred policies.”last_img read more

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American Academy announces 234th class

first_imgHarvard’s Joanna Aizenberg, Graham T. Allison Jr., Helen Hardacre, Amy Hempel, Vicki C. Jackson, Jill Lepore, Ann Marie Lipinski, Alvin Francis Poussaint, Bernardo Luis Sabatini, and Sarah Elizabeth Thomas were among the 164 influential artists, scientists, scholars, authors, and institutional leaders who were inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences at a ceremony in Cambridge on Oct. 11.“The induction ceremony recognizes the achievements of today’s most accomplished individuals,” said Academy President Jonathan Fanton. “The distinguished women and men who were inducted this weekend have engaged in innovative research, examined every aspect of our society, and continue to pursue solutions to the most pressing challenges of the day. They are all leaders of the respective fields and the Academy offers them an opportunity to work together to advance the common good.”Founded in 1780, the American Academy is one of the nation’s oldest and most prestigious learned societies, and an independent research center that draws from its members’ expertise to conduct studies in science and technology policy, global security, the humanities and culture, social policy, and education.Members of the 2014 class include winners of the Nobel Prize; the Wolf Prize; the Pulitzer Prize; National Medal of the Arts; MacArthur, Guggenheim, and Fulbright Fellowships; and Grammy, Emmy, Oscar, and Tony awards.An alphabetical list of the new Academy members is located at: https://news.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/alphalist2014.pdf. The new class listed by discipline is located at: https://news.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/classlist2014.pdf.Since its founding by John Adams, James Bowdoin, John Hancock, and other scholar-patriots, the American Academy has elected leading “thinkers and doers” from each generation. The current membership includes more than 300 Nobel laureates, some 100 Pulitzer Prize winners, and many of the world’s most celebrated artists and performers.last_img read more

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ROTC hosts Pass in Review

first_imgMichael Yu Members of Notre Dame’s ROTC saluted the American flag during Wednesday’s annual Pass in Review ceremony on South Quad.Yesterday, South Quad played witness to a display of precision, skill and patriotic commitment as Notre Dame’s tri-military organization, made up of Army, Navy and Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) Units, presented themselves for their annual Pass in Review. The annual ceremony, which commemorates the efforts and prestige of Notre Dame’s three ROTC branches, featured the presentation of student awards, a benediction by Fr. Pete Rocca and a speech by University President Fr. John Jenkins.In his speech, Jenkins alluded to the importance of the military for promoting and strengthening peace and urged servicemen and women to remember the mission of the military.Jenkins said Notre Dame’s ROTC is an integral part of the University’s Catholic identity and encouraged graduating cadets to let Notre Dame shape their commitment and purpose during and after their college years.The University has a long tradition with the armed forces, particularly the Navy. University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore Hesburgh, who passed away in February, was named an honorary Navy chaplain in 2013 after having wanted to do so for many years.Midshipman third class John Walker served as Master of Ceremonies for the event. During the review, Walker reaffirmed the origins and meaning of the Pass in Review for both Notre Dame’s tri-military organization and the campus community. Walker said the Pass in Review is a “formal ceremony rooted in the tradition of a commanding officer inspecting the men and women serving beneath him for their appearance, technique, precision, and battle readiness,” Walker said.“In addition to ceremonially rendering honors to the members of our distinguished stage party, a Pass in Review is an opportunity to pay respects to the Notre Dame family and South Bend community for their support and encouragement throughout the academic year,” Walker said.Walker spoke of Notre Dame’s history with the military and said Notre Dame’s tri-military organization embodied the values and mission of Our Lady’s University.“Today, Notre Dame is one of 56 schools in the Nation with all four branches of the military present on campus. Notre Dame men and women have served, and will continue to serve, in our country’s battles with honor, courage and integrity and are proud to reflect the true essence of that powerful motto of our service, ‘God, Country, Notre Dame,’” Walker said.As part of the Pass in Review, students were presented with the following awards for their distinguished contributions to the various ROTC programs.The Edward Easby-Smith Award, presented to the midshipman who exemplifies the core values of integrity, service and leadership in a senior staff position, was presented to midshipman first class Kelsey Hutchinson.Midshipman first class John Gary received the Colonel Brian C. Regan Award.The first Lieutenant Vincent J. Naimoli Award was presented to midshipman first class Cassandra Gettinger.Midshipman first class Elizabeth Terino accepted the George C. Strake Award in recognition for her leadership and dedication during her four years at Notre Dame.Terino said she was excited to find out she won the George C. Strake Award.“I admire the seniors that have received this award over my past four years and it is an incredible honor to be considered in the same league as them.,” she said.“For me personally, it also represents how much I have learned over my time at Notre Dame. ROTC provided me with challenges and opportunities to discover, develop and refine my leadership skills.”Pass in Review is an opportunity to share her ROTC experience with the larger campus, Terino said.“My friends have the opportunity to watch my fellow midshipmen and cadets salute and march in formation while displaying military bearings and discipline. Sometimes it is difficult to describe those skills to people that haven’t experienced any facet of the military before, and Pass in Review provides a comprehensive visual for some of the skills we are working to develop in ROTC,” Terino said.Terino said it is significant that the ceremony is held on South Quad because it allows passersby to witness the history of the military on Notre Dame’s campus.“Part of Pass in Review is honoring the tradition of Notre Dame and simultaneously embracing the future service of ROTC midshipmen and cadets. The ceremony is reason to reflect on the powerful motto of service, ‘God, Country, Notre Dame,’ and personally I think being able to see midshipmen and cadets in front of the Basilica steeple, the American flag and the Dome really brings that motto to life.”The Chicago Navy League Award for exemplifying honor, courage, and commitment in a senior midshipman staff position was awarded to midshipman first class Maxwell Brown.Midshipman first class Maxwell Brown was presented with the Captain John A. McGurty Award.Midshipman first class Bryan Cooley, was a recipient of the Gallagher-Snider Award for superior military bearing and exceptional leadership.The USAA Achievement award was presented to midshipman first class Sean Fitzgerald.Kathleen Privateer, midshipman first class, was awarded The Carter Family Award.The Captain Paul Roberge Memorial award was presented to Cadet Connor Halloran.The Air Force Detachment 225 Commander’s Award was presented to Cadet Claire Mariani.Cadet Mary Hession was presented with the Reid Nishizuka Award in recognition of her dedication as a mentor .Cadets Eric Peace and Michael Loftus were both presented with The Army Officer’s Saber in recognition of their outstanding leadership while filling the Top Billet of Battallion Commanding Officer. Peace was also presented with the Henry Memorial Memorial Award.The Patrick Dixon Award, a $200 cash award presented annually to a distinguished senior Cadet, was presented to Cadet Raymond Donovan.Cadet Chelsea Ward was commemorated for her mastery of the Army’s Training Management System with the Patrick Haley Award.Cadet Peter Nolle was presented with the Dr. Michael McKee Award for his academic achievement in belonging to the top 20 percent of his class.News writer Michael Yu contributed to this report. Tags: Awards, Pass in Review, ROTC, tri-militarylast_img read more

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Report: Man charged in Otsego County murder pleads guilty

first_img(WBNG/WKTV) — A man charged in the murder of a Worcester, N.Y. man entered a surprise guilty plea in Otsego County Court Tuesday. The Otsego County District Attorney says he was surprised by the plea. Meridy is the only adult charged in connection to the murder of Kenneth Robinson in October 2019. Robinson was shot and his home was set on fire. During a hearing to suppress statement given by police officers involved in the case, Meridy pleaded guilty and accepted a plea bargain of 22 years to life in prison. Nicolas Meridy of Oneonta, N.Y. accepted a plea bargain made by the district attorney.last_img read more

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Moped mugger admits trying to rob Arsenal stars Mesut Ozil and Sead Kolasinac

first_img Comment The court heard Ashley Smith fears for his life following an attack in prison (Picture: PA) Sam CorbishleyWednesday 6 Nov 2019 1:26 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Ozil (right) later said his teammate was ‘really brave’ for taking on the attackers (Picture: Arsenal Football Club)‘We were newlywed and I was scared about my wife. I was scared about Sead.‘I saw one chance to drive. If they got to my wife, something terrible might have happened to her.‘I started driving but they followed. I was driving very fast but they kept coming close on the moped.‘I tried to move the car, block them, escape, but each time they would be there.‘My wife was extremely scared.’More: UKScotland outlines tier system as millions face new restrictions across UKLondoners ‘should be paid a Universal Basic Income if circuit-breaker comes in’Queen criticised for not wearing face mask in first appearance since lockdownChief Inspector Jim Corbett, who led the investigation, said: ‘Northover and Smith attempted this brazen robbery after travelling around streets nearby, looking for people to rob.‘Northover didn’t hesitate to draw a weapon when making demands, but he didn’t bargain on being challenged and the pair went away empty-handed. The victim and the people who were visiting him, while unharmed, were shaken by the incident.’Smith, of Archway, north London, will be sentenced at Harrow Crown Court on Friday.Northover will be sentenced at a later date. Moped mugger admits trying to rob Arsenal stars Mesut Ozil and Sead Kolasinac Got a story for Metro.co.uk? Get in touch with our news team by emailing us at webnews@metro.co.uk. For more stories like this, check our news page. Advertisementcenter_img The court heard Ashley Smith fears for his life following an attack in prison (Picture: PA) Footage showed Kolasinac fighting off the attackers as Ozil sat inside the Mercedes jeep (Picture: Twitter)The court heard Smith, who briefly appeared via video-link with his head wrapped in a towel, fears for his life in prison.His barrister, Susan Meek, explained the makeshift dressing had been applied after he was attacked in custody.She added: ‘He has stitches in his right eye, and he may lose the sight in his left eye. It was made clear to him that his life was in danger.‘He is extraordinarily distressed and scared and really wants this to be put to an end as soon as possible.’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalWorld Cup winner Ozil and full-back Kolasinac were left out of the Arsenal side ahead of the Premier League campaign after the incident.Following the ordeal, Ozil told The Athletic that he was scared for his wife Amine as the attackers pursued his car.He said: ‘They told him directly “Give us your watch!”.‘Sead’s reaction was really, really brave because he attacked one of the attackers. Mesut Ozil’s car attacked by men wielding knives in LondonTo view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video Play VideoLoaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration Time 0:18FullscreenMesut Ozil’s car attacked by men wielding knives in Londonhttps://metro.co.uk/video/mesut-ozils-car-attacked-men-wielding-knives-london-1973730/This is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.A second man has admitted trying to rob Premier League stars Mesut Ozil and Sead Kolasinac of their £200,000 watches following a mile-long moped chase.Jordan Northover, 26, pleaded guilty at Harrow Crown Court to trying to steal high value items from the Arsenal players.Ashley Smith, 30, has already admitted his role in the July 25 attack on close friends Ozil, 31, and 26-year-old Kolasinac.The footballers were chased through Hampstead, northwest London, by the armed moped muggers.ADVERTISEMENTCCTV shows Kolasinac standing beside Ozil’s gold-trimmed black Mercedes G class 4×4 before the two attackers pull up.Despite being threatened with what appears to be a knife, the burly Bosnian defender remains unfazed.AdvertisementAdvertisementThe full-back, nicknamed The Tank, then chases off the pair, who were disguised by helmets and dark clothing. 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Governor Wolf Celebrates Record Breaking Month at PhilaPort

first_img Economy,  Infrastructure,  Press Release Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf today recognized PhilaPort for achieving its highest ever monthly total for cargo volume, breaking the previous record achieved earlier this year. Additionally, the port broke new records for monthly container throughput, forest product volume, and total tonnage of cargo inside the containers.“It’s undeniable that Pennsylvania’s ports are vital to the economic success of the entire commonwealth and I am proud to be a partner with our port regions in expanding capacity and jobs,” Governor Wolf said. “With its major economic impacts throughout the state, PhilaPort is an asset that’s reach goes well beyond the region. Our investment is driving growth that will yield benefits for manufacturing, agriculture, and beyond.”PhilaPort handled 667,069 metric tons of cargo in August, achieving its highest ever monthly total and breaking the previous record for total tonnage attained in May 2017. The total tonnage of the cargo inside PhilaPort’s August containers also constituted a new record at 376,517 metric tons. Additionally, the Port broke new records for monthly container throughput, moving 54,185 TEUs, and forest products, which reached 109,604 metric tons last month.Last year, Governor Wolf announced an investment of more than $300 million in the Port’s infrastructure, warehousing, and equipment. This initiative, which started this year and will continue through 2020, will double container capacity, position the Port for future growth, create thousands of jobs, improve efficiency, and increase tax revenues.A total direct job increase of 70 percent is projected from the current level of 3,124 to a projected 5,378 direct jobs. Total employment at the Port will also increase, from 10,341 to 17,020, and state and local tax revenues generated will increase from the current $69.6 million to $108.4 million annually. Governor Wolf Celebrates Record Breaking Month at PhilaPort SHARE Email Facebook Twittercenter_img September 26, 2017last_img read more

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Governor Wolf Announces Funding for Community Revitalization, Blight Elimination in Harrison Township, Allegheny County

first_img Infrastructure,  Press Release Harrisburg, PA – Today, Governor Tom Wolf announced new funding to eliminate blight in Harrison Township, Allegheny County, revitalizing the community and enticing economic development in the area.“Communities have long struggled with how to combat the challenges posed by the unoccupied, vacant buildings,” said Governor Wolf. “This grant will help Harrison Township tackle blight and transform the community.”Harrison Township was awarded a $500,000 grant to continue its blight elimination initiative. The funding will be used to raze multiple dangerous structures throughout the township and redevelop the land to make it usable. Additionally, the health and safety of the community will be improved as several of the buildings targeted contain asbestos or lead paint. The project will advance blight elimination work supported by a 2017 Keystone Communities Program grant.Eliminating and preventing blight is crucial to ensuring every community in Pennsylvania is a great place to live and work. The Harrison Township project is expected to bring economic growth through enhanced property values, a stronger local tax base, and increased commercial and residential development.“This is huge for Harrison Township,” said Rep. Frank Dermody. “The state’s money is limited and should be used where it can have a big impact. I thank Governor Tom Wolf for approving the release of money to help the township take out dangerous blighted structures and significantly improve some key blocks so they are ready for new homes and businesses. With this help from the state, Harrison Township can look forward to cleaner blocks, better streets and more jobs.”Supported through the Redevelopment Assistance Capital Program (RACP) program, funding will support critical expansion projects, some of which will provide opportunities for additional economic development. Governor Wolf Announces Funding for Community Revitalization, Blight Elimination in Harrison Township, Allegheny County SHARE Email Facebook Twittercenter_img August 15, 2018last_img read more

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Man facing physical injury rap nabbed

first_imgILOILO City – Police arrested a man charged with slight physical injury in Barangay Manoc-Manoc, Boracay Island, Malay, Aklan. The court recommended a P3,000 bail bond for his temporary liberty./PN The 45-year-old Fernando Fajardo of Olongapo City, Zambales was caught around 4 p.m. on July 30, a police report showed. The suspect was taken to the Malay municipal police station. He would be transported to  Olongapo City and remitted to Judge de Guia-Cirpriano’s sala. Fajardo’s apprehension was staged on the strength of an arrest warrant issued by Judge Maribel de Guia-Cirpriano of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court in Malay, Aklan.last_img read more

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Lawrenceburg couple accused of causing permanent injuries to eight-week-old

first_imgLawrenceburg, In. — A Lawrenceburg couple is facing serious charges after being accused of abusing their eight-week-old child.  Kaitlin Hussung, 26 and Tyler Hussung, 25, both from Lawrenceburg are each charged with two counts of aggravated battery and one count of neglect of a dependent with serious bodily injury after police say the couple shook their baby hard enough to cause permanent damage.On October 12, 2018, the Dearborn County Sheriff’s Department was contacted by a case manager with the Indiana Division of Child Safety after receiving a report of child abuse from Children’s Hospital in Cincinnati.According to Sheriff’s Deputies, Kaitlin and Tyler Hussung took their eight-week-old son to the Emergency Room at CHMC after he began to seize early on the morning of October 12th 2018. Doctors indicated that the brain bleeding their son was diagnosed with was caused by physical trauma. This diagnosis came after doctors could not find any medical explanation for the brain bleeding other than trauma, caused by abuse.Through the course of their investigation, Detectives discovered that Kaitlin had communicated with her mother on October 11th while she was babysitting their son. Kaitlin told her mother that she was “overwhelmed” due to their son projectile vomiting, and that she was upset and crying over the situation and about to pull her hair out because she was frustrated with her son.last_img read more

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Ronaldinho quits retirement at 39

first_imgRelatedPosts Global COVID-19 cases surpass 27m – Johns Hopkins Everton sign Brazil midfielder from Napoli Ronaldinho regains freedom in Paraguay Ronaldinho is dusting off his boots to temporarily come out of retirement for Colombian side Independiente Santa Fe. The legendary Brazilian has been announced as the star attraction at the club’s upcoming friendly on October 17. It remains unclear as to who the opposition will be but Ronaldinho, who won 97 caps for Brazil, is sure to generate plenty of interest for the match at the Campin. Ronaldinho is not turning out for any old team, though. Santa Fe are regarded as one of Colombia’s most successful teams, having won 17 league titles. According to reports the most expensive ticket for Ronaldinho’s fleeting return have been priced at £30 before VAT. The only stumbling block will be whether Ronaldinho can travel to Colombia for the game as he is currently without his passport in Brazil after it was taken away for failing to pay an environmental damage fine.Tags: BrazilCampinIndependiente Sante FeRonaldinholast_img read more

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