Study College Students Choose Smartphones Over Food

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first_img Would you rather relinquish use of your smartphone or access to food?For college students, the answer is a no-brainer.University at Buffalo researchers found that undergraduates prefer food deprivation over smartphone denial.This is, by no means, a revelation.Generation Z (aka post-Millennials) are the first cohort born into an Internet-savvy world. Many modern kids start carrying a smartphone before they enter middle school, and don’t remember life before Snapchat and emojis.But UB’s study, conducted by clinical psychology doctoral student Sara O’Donnell and professor Leonard Epstein, pioneers the idea that handsets are “reinforcing.”O’Donnell was particularly interested in whether smartphones could function as a reinforcing behavior (a stimulus that strengthens or increases the probability of a specific response), in the same way food, drugs, and alcohol do.“The frequency with which we use our cellphones every day is astounding,” she said, citing estimates ranging from five to nine hours a day.During the experiment, 76 UB students, ages 18 to 22, were allowed to study or read newspapers during the two- and three-hour periods sans smartphone or food, respectively.Afterwards, participants could use use a computer task to earn time with their smartphone or 100-calorie servings of a favorite snack. As rewards were earned, the amount of work increased.“We … found that when deprived of both food and smartphones, students were much more motivated to work for time to use their smartphone, and were willing to part with more hypothetical money to gain access to their phone,” according to O’Donnell.The scientists measured smartphone reinforcement in two ways:A hypothetical questionnaire asking how many minutes of device use an individual would purchase at increasing prices (from $0 per minute to $1,120 per minute)A behavioral index of reinforcement measuring the amount of work (i.e. the number of mouse clicks) an individual would expend to use their phone, where the amount of clicks needed increases over timeThe more hypothetical money and work the students were willing to spend to be able to use their smartphones reflected a higher reinforcing value.“We were very surprised by the results,” O’Donnell said, admitting that while they knew students “would be motivated to gain access to their phones,” they didn’t expect smartphone reinforcement to so far outweigh food.“Research is just beginning to investigate the possibility that smartphone addiction exists,” she continued. “While reinforcing value does not equate to addiction, it seems likely that if smartphone addiction becomes a valid diagnosis, those individuals would have high smartphone reinforcement, just as individuals with alcohol use disorders have high alcohol reinforcement.”Results of the study were published in the journal Addictive Behaviors.More coverage on Geek.com:Can This ‘Substitute Phone’ Curb Your Device Addiction?Indian Clinic Treats First Case of Netflix Addiction‘Gaming Disorder’ is Real Mental Condition, And You May Have It Stay on target WHO Adds ‘Gaming Disorder’ To List of Official DiseasesWisdom Tooth Extraction May Increase Risk of Youth Opioid Abuse last_img

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first_img Please enter your name here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom 11-2 Dr. Phillips travels to Wekiva for a final four matchupThe classic example of a “Cinderella Story” or a “Fairytale Season” typically involves a team of lesser talent winning games against stronger teams by last-second heroics and come-from-behind miracle stories. Certainly, the Wekiva Mustangs have been described in this manner, but does the glass slipper really fit?The Mustangs used a strangling defense and a second-half scoring spree to overwhelm the #1 seeded Winter Park Wildcats 33-6 to win the 8-A Region 1 final and advance to the state semifinals for the first time in the school’s history. The win gave the Mustangs a 12-1 record and evened the score with Winter Park, who earlier in the season beat them 10-6.But here’s the thing… the Wildcats came into the game undefeated, ranked first in the region, and had an air of inevitably after a come-from-behind 34-27 win against Apopka the week before.Photo from AGO Action Photos.That inevitable air shifted, however, when Wekiva rolled them up on their home field.The Mustangs simply looked bigger, stronger, and faster – particularly on defense where they overwhelmed the Wildcats, who never came close to sustaining a drive, and only scored on a breakaway 65-yard-touchdown in the third quarter.The victory put to rest a winning streak Winter Park held over Wekiva that both knocked them out of the playoffs in 2016, and was their only loss this year.Now Wekiva heads home where another heavyweight awaits them in the state semifinals – the Dr. Phillips Panthers. Wekiva beat the Panthers 14-0 in October, which was its first victory over them in the school’s history. Dr. Phillips leads the overall series 4-1.The Panthers are 11-2 on the season, but after successive losses to Wekiva, and Apopka in the span of four days, have run-off seven straight victories, won their district, and made it to the state semifinals for the second straight season.Terrence Moore catches a 65-yard touchdown as the Wekiva Mustangs defeated the Winter Park Wildcats 33-6. Photo from AGO Action Photos.The Mustangs are on a 10-game winning streak, also won their district, and are in the state’s 8A final four for the very first time.The winner of this game will play either Miami High (11-1) or Delray Beach Atlantic (11-1) in 8A state final at Orlando’s Camping World Stadium next week. TAGSWekiva Mustangs Previous articleAn update on the Mount Plymouth interchange and the Wekiva Parkway ProjectNext articleVote for Mayor and Seat #1 in The Apopka Voice online election poll Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 Kickoff for tonight’s game is scheduled for 7:30 at the Baptiste Orthodontics Stadium on the campus of Wekiva High School. Admission is $9. Please enter your comment! Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img

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