33 constitutes the majority

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first_imgDear Editor,The debate about establishing a majority in the National Assembly of 65 members resulted in invoking a mathematical formula. The formula used is: ½ (65) + 1 with rounding up (which is incorrect in this case) then add 1 to produce 34. The assumption here is that the number representing members of the National Assembly constitutes a continuous variable, which is false.For the sake of argument, let us accept it. Half of 65 is 32.5 which is exactly half-way between the whole numbers 32 and 33. If we are rounding to the nearest whole number among the set of whole numbers, the result is 32 and not 33 since on a continuous scale the rounding is to the even whole number.In rounding a number that sits exactly half-way between two whole numbers rounding is to the even whole number. This convention for rounding a number on a continuous scale is to avoid errors resulting from rounding up all the time. This methodology reduces errors inherent in rounding numbers upwards all the time. The mathematics curriculum for secondary schools in Guyana has accepted this convention.So ½ of 65 = 32.5 and to the nearest whole number is 32.When 1 is added to 32 you have 33.Therefore, majority is 33 out of 65.Another approach in determining majority in the National Assembly is to recognise that data is on a nominal scale. The majority can be established in the following manner:If the composition of the National Assembly is an odd number, N, then the majority is determined by the formula below:Majority= (N+1)/2 which is (65+1)/2=33So, the number, 33, constitutes the majority.On the other hand, if the composition of the National Assembly is an even number, say 64, then the following formula applies:Majority= N/2+1 which is 64/2+1=33Again, the number, 33, constitutes the majority.It is worth noting that in these alternative formulae for calculation on categorical data, there is no resulting fraction.Respectfully,Mohandatt Goolsarranlast_img

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Artist’s Studio / Chan Architecture

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Chronicle of Philanthropy on charity shopping malls

About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 14 June 2000 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Advertisement How much are charities raising from online shopping malls? A survey of 17 such sites in the USA by the Chronicle of Philanthropy found only four that were willing to reveal how much had been donated so far. These were AllCharities.com ($250,000), DonationDepot.com ($10,000), GiveDirect.org ($325,000), and GiveForChange ($700,000).Read a summary of charities’ involvements with online shopping malls in A Brave New World of Giving by Holly Hall at the Chronicle of Philanthropy. Chronicle of Philanthropy on charity shopping malls  19 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis

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